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Optimización de las propiedades de tracción de compuestos de matriz polimérica reforzada con partículas de magnetita por diseño experimental

dc.creatorLara-González, Luis Ángel
dc.creatorGuillermo-Rodríguez, Wilmar
dc.creatorPineda-Triana, Yaneth
dc.creatorPeña-Rodríguez, Gabriel
dc.creatorSalazar, Hugo Felipe
dc.descriptionA full-factorial 33 experiment was used in this study to determine the optimal values of the tensile properties of three composite materials manufactured based on three polymeric resins: Derakane Momentum epoxy vinyl ester based on bisphenol-A (DM-411), polyester based on terephthalic acid (P115-A), and isophthalic polyester (P2000). Such materials were reinforced with magnetite powders at concentrations of 10, 20, and 30 wt %, and the particle sizes were classified with three sieves: #200 (46–75 μm), #325 (26–45 μm), and #500 (0–25 μm). The compounds were manufactured using the hand lay-up method at room temperature in accordance with ASTM D638-14 for M1-type specimens. A tensile test was conducted on a universal Microtest EM2/300/FR machine at a test speed of 5 ± 25 % mm/min using an Epsilon extensometer calibrated in accordance with the ASTM E83 standard at 20 ± 2 °C. The magnetite powders and compound morphology were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The mechanical properties of the compounds and the optimal response found by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) are also reported. The best response to the mechanical stimuli occurs with the composite material prepared with the epoxy vinyl ester resin DM-411, a concentration of 29.4 % of magnetite (Fe3O4), a particle size of 58.5 microns, and a 200 sieve.en-US
dc.descriptionUn diseño factorial completo de 33 fue desarrollado con el fin de determinar los valores óptimos en las propiedades de tracción de tres tipos de materiales compuestos fabricados a base de resinas poliméricas epoxy-vinylester (DM-411) base bisfenol-A, poliéster (P115-A) base de ácido tereftálico, y poliéster (P2000) base de ácido isoftálico, reforzados con polvos de magnetita en concentraciones de 10, 20 y 30 % porcentaje en peso (Wt) con tres tamaños diferentes de partícula en el relleno, tamices #200 (46-75 μm), #325 (26-45 μm) y #500 (0-25 μm). Los compuestos se fabricaron utilizando el método de moldeo manual a temperatura ambiente, según ASTM D638-14 para muestras de tipo M1. Los ensayos de tracción se realizaron en una máquina universal microtest EM2/300/FR a una velocidad de prueba de 5 x 25 % mm/min, utilizando un extensómetro Epsilon calibrado de acuerdo con la norma ASTM E83 a 20°C. Los polvos de magnetita y la morfología de los materiales compuestos se estudiaron mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido. Se reportan las propiedades mecánicas de los compuestos y la respuesta óptima encontrada por análisis de varianza (ANOVA) y superficies de respuesta (RSM). La mejor respuesta a los estímulos mecánicos se produce con el material compuesto fabricado a base de resina epoxi -vinilester DM-411, con una concentración media de 29,4 % de magnetita Fe3O4 y tamaño medio de partícula de 58,5 micras la cual corresponde a un tamiz
dc.publisherInstituto Tecnológico Metropolitano (ITM)en-US
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dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2020 TecnoLógicasen-US
dc.sourceTecnoLógicas; Vol. 23 No. 48 (2020); 83-98en-US
dc.sourceTecnoLógicas; Vol. 23 Núm. 48 (2020); 83-98es-ES
dc.subjectTensile propertiesen-US
dc.subjectDesign Of Experiments Experimentsen-US
dc.subjectResponse Surface Methodologyen-US
dc.subjectPropiedades de tensiónes-ES
dc.subjectDiseño de experimentoes-ES
dc.subjectMetodología de la superficie de respuestaes-ES
dc.titleOptimization of the Tensile Properties of Polymeric Matrix Composites Reinforced with Magnetite Particles by Experimental Designen-US
dc.titleOptimización de las propiedades de tracción de compuestos de matriz polimérica reforzada con partículas de magnetita por diseño experimentales-ES
dc.typeResearch Papersen-US
dc.typeArtículos de investigaciónes-ES

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